Restoring the Economy

The Agency’s official historian, Mr. Whittiker wrote:”One of, if not the largest, tasks faced by the ROK and the aid programmes in 1952 was the repair of a heavily war-damaged industrial establishment. Not only had the reconstruction to be carried out, but equally essential was the expansion of certain facilities and the development of various new ones. The UNKRA industry programme, with projects totaling over $27 million, was planned and carried out based on this concept.”
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Instructions: Click on the play button to start the slideshow, display it full screen by clicking on the enlarge logo at the right bottom of the display pane and browse all the photographs using the stripe at the bottom of the image. Then, to display the captions, click on the “Show Info” link at the top right of the screen.

 

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Food and Agriculture

The Agency’s official historian, Mr. Whittiker, wrote: “The Republic of Korea possesses a predominantly agricultural economy, with farm families constituting close to 60 per cent of its total households. Following the Korean War, a major programme for the rehabilitation and expansion of agricultural production was a basic requisite for the restoration of the Korean economy as a whole.”
[S-0526-0168-0002]

 

[ View Full Screen ]
[ View Captions and Details ]

Instructions: Click on the play button to start the slideshow, display it full screen by clicking on the enlarge logo at the right bottom of the display pane and browse all the photographs using the stripe at the bottom of the image. Then, to display the captions, click on the “Show Info” link at the top right of the screen.

Housing and Education

The Agency’s officila historian, Mr. Whittiker wrote: “The shortage [of housing] was seriously worsened by the extensive damage and destruction to housing that took place during the Korean War… The rebuilding and repairing of farm homes was largely carried out directly by the farmer and his family… there remained the large job of rebuilding and extending permanent type housing in the cities and larger towns.
…over 40 per cent of all classrooms in the combat zone were either destroyed or seriously damaged…a restoration and expansion programme to this field which totalled in all $9,600,000 was carried out by UNKRA”
[S-0526-0168-0002]

[ View Full Screen ]
[ View Captions and Details ]

Instructions: Click on the play button to start the slideshow, display it full screen by clicking on the enlarge logo at the right bottom of the display pane and browse all the photographs using the stripe at the bottom of the image. Then, to display the captions, click on the “Show Info” link at the top right of the screen.

 

Health and Welfare

The Agency’s official historian, Mr. Whittiker, wrote: “The movement of refugees and displaces persons, destruction of hospital and medical facilities and equipment, the damage to water works and sanitary facilities created health, sanitation and welfare problems of vast proportions. Emergency help was offered immediately by the Unified Command…
it was early jointly decided that UNKRA activities should be concentrated rather on the rehabilitation or development of permanent health and welfare facilities.”
[S-0526-0168-0002]

 

[ View Full Screen ]
[ View Captions and Details ]

Instructions: Click on the play button to start the slideshow, display it full screen by clicking on the enlarge logo at the right bottom of the display pane and browse all the photographs using the stripe at the bottom of the image. Then, to display the captions, click on the “Show Info” link at the top right of the screen.

Projects and cooperation

The Agency’s official historian, Mr. Whittiker, wrote: “The import of large amounts of certain commodities and raw and semi-processed materials for use by the Korean economy has constituted an inescapable requirement for the foreign aid programmes…
These commodities and materials, provided as saleables, also have the equally important job of affecting withdrawals of local currency from circulation, thus action as a counter-inflationary force…
Various international voluntary agencies…reached sectors of the population in need of relief and economic assistance.”
[S-0526-0168-0002]

 

[ View Full Screen ]
[ View Captions and Details ]

Instructions: Click on the play button to start the slideshow, display it full screen by clicking on the enlarge logo at the right bottom of the display pane and browse all the photographs using the stripe at the bottom of the image. Then, to display the captions, click on the “Show Info” link at the top right of the screen.
Get Started: Watch the Video Overview

Get Started: Watch the Video Overview

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The United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA) was created by the General Assembly in 1950. It started operating in 1953, after the armistice was signed between North Korea and South Korea (27 July 1953), ending the Korean War. This video explains the history, the scope, the different project areas of UNKRA. It also shows the difficult situation of the Korean people after the war.

 [ Download Video Transcript ]

Delve in to the Past: Browse High Quality Photographs

Delve in to the Past: Browse High Quality Photographs

The photographs from the collection of UNKRA we present in this exhibition were taken between 1951 and 1954 approximately. They comprise numbered prints kept in boxes; shots assembled by Mrs. Ferguson in Geneva, in albums for public display purposes and illustrative photographs pasted in Mr. Whittiker’s unpublished historical narrative.
In total, they represent more than 4,000 photographs.The United Nations’ Department of Public Information (DPI) collected photographs of Korea, taken in the field by the official photographer and field staff. Occasionally, they received several stills from other sources. Although they are usually accompanied by captions, the photographers’ name is not always mentioned. Exhaustive research in the archives of UNKRA allowed us to identify some of them.